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Homology-based Distributed Coverage Hole Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks

شروع موضوع توسط Hossein Ranjbaran ‏20/7/14 در انجمن پوشش و پروتکلهای پوشش

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  1. Hossein Ranjbaran

    Hossein Ranjbaran Administrator کاربر ویژه

    Abstract—Homology theory provides new and powerful solutions to address the coverage problems in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). They are based on algebraic objects, such as ˇCech complex and Rips complex. ˇCech complex gives accurate information about coverage quality but requires a precise knowledge of the relative locations of nodes. This assumption is rather strong and hard to implement in practical deployments. Rips complex provides an approximation of ˇCech complex. It is easier to build and does not require any knowledge of nodes location. This simplicity is at the expense of accuracy. Rips complex can not always detect all coverage holes. It is then necessary to evaluate its accuracy. This work proposes to use the proportion of the area of undiscovered coverage holes as performance criteria. Investigations show that it depends on the ratio between communication and sensing radii of a sensor. Closed-form expressions for lower and upper bounds of the accuracy are also derived. For those coverage holes which can be discovered by Rips complex, a homology-based distributed algorithm is proposed to detect them. Simulation results are consistent with the proposed analytical lower bound, with a maximum difference of 0.5%. Upper bound performance depends on the ratio of communication and sensing radii. Simulations also show that the algorithm can localize about 99% coverage holes in about 99% cases.

    Index Terms—Wireless sensor networks, coverage hole, homology
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